- Of all the instruments in Africa, idiophones are the most common
- Idiophones are made without stretched membranes or vibrating strings
- Can be used where drums are not available
- More than just musical, they may be used to convey a verbal message, gather people, in religious ceremonies, for agricultural purposes.
CONCUSSION: a “concussion sound” is produced when two parts of an instrument are hit together so that all those parts are active
PERCUSSION: a “percussion sound” results from one part making the sound
(source: Nigerian Musical Instruments by W. Wilberforce C. Echezona)
(source: The Music of Africa by J.H. Kwabena Nketia)
Alfred Kpebesaane of Ghana plays a xylophone whose wooden keys are laid over clay pots which serve as sound resonators.
Xylophone photographed in Northwestern Ghana. The wooden keys are laid over banana stems.